Year 2000 Problem
The millennial sun will first rise over human civilization in the independent
republic of Kirbati, a group of thirty low lying coral islands in the Pacific

Ocean. Kirbati straddles the equator and the International Dateline halfway
between Hawaii and Australia. "For those who live in a world that relies on
satellites, air, rail and ground transportation, manufacturing plants,
electricity, heat, telephone, or TV, when the calendar clicks í99 to í00, we
will experience a true millennial shift (Peterson)." As the sun moves westward
on January 1, 2000 and the date shifts silently within millions of computerized
systems, we will begin to experience our computer dependent world in a new way.

At the stroke of midnight, the new millennium heralds the greatest challenge to
modern society that we have yet to face as a planetary community. Whether we
experience this as chaos or social transformation will be influenced by what we
do immediately. What is theY2K (Year 2000) problem? When computer systems were
built in the 1960ís and 1970ís computer hardware was too expensive. To
reduce costs, programmers looked for ways to reduce data storage requirements.

It was common for year to be stored in databases in two digit fields rather than
four digits. Why is this a problem now? The systems built during this period
were not very user friendly, but the computers were most critical to business
operations. Because these systems of the 1960ís and 1970ís were not designed
to run in multiple centuries, most will either produce incorrect information or
simply fail at the end of the century. It may not sound like much effort to fix
these machines, but in fact, it involves a great deal of time and expense. The

Gartner Group, a respected information technology researcher, estimates that it
will cost as much as $600 billion worldwide. If the problem is not addressed in
time, the consequences could be catastrophic. There is currently widespread
awareness that Y2K involves more than the failure of an individualís personal
computer, or an incorrect date in a spreadsheet. "It is now widely understood
that Y2K could affect the lives of individuals, but exactly in what manner is
unknown (Associated P 1)." Today computers are used to operate most mechanical
equipment that affects every aspect of our lives. In 1991 the IRS has 88,000
programs on eighty mainframe computers to debug. By the end of 1997 they had
cleaned up only two thousand programs. At that rate it would take the IRS 264
years to debug all 88,000 programs. Y2K is a technical problem that cannot be
solved by technology, the first ever non negotiable deadline, a systematic
crisis that no one can solve alone, a crisis that transcends boundaries and
hierarchies, and an opportunity to simplify and redesign major systems (Peterson

1)." How bad is the Y2K problem? Many studies have been done to estimate the
cost of addressing this problem. The Y2K problem would not be as serious today
had business and government leaders dealt with the situation earlier.

Consequently, a race against the clock is underway. For many organizations work
has not even begun! Why isnít the Y2K being addressed? The biggest problem
today is the lack of concern by many businesses and governments to take this
problem seriously, in spite of literature available. Many people do not
understand how a simple computer glitch could affect the world. Some business
owners are aware of the problem but may be keeping silent in hopes of not
spooking their stock. It is possible that many of our elected leaders do not see
the potential of social and economic disaster. What could happen? Your telephone
service is terminated because of errors in data calculations, your driverís
license expires because the motor vehicle department cannot recognize dates
after December 31, 1999, the department store rejects your credit card because
your payment is 100 years overdue, your bankís automated teller swallows your
card, thinking it has expired and your Social Security payments are cut off
because the agencyís computers miscalculate your age. "While elsewhere, bank
vaults refuse to open, building security systems fail, refusing to read coded
cards or keys, and airline flight schedules are thrown into disarray because of
flaws in the air traffic control system computers (The Year 2000)." How can
you prepare? Try to make all possible preparations as soon as you can. It would
be a good idea to keep extra cash hand, perhaps enough to live on for an entire
week. "Plan to spend a fair amount of time checking, upgrading and preparing
your home computer and software applications (Zuckerman 1)." Have plenty of
battery-operated lights,