American History Page 10

Rap History
Rap History
Rap History Rap music as a musical form began among the youth of South Bronx, New York in the mid 1970ís. Individuals such Kool Herc and Grandmaster Flash were some of the early pioneers of this art form. Through their performances at clubs and promotion of the music, rap consistently gained in popularity throughout the rest of the 1970ís. The first commercial success of the rap song Rapper\'s Delight by the Sugar Hill Gang in 1979 helped bring rap music into the national spotlight. The 1980í
Rodgers And Hammerstein
Rodgers And Hammerstein
Rodgers And Hammerstein There are many well-known lyricists and composers, but only a few leave such a mark as Rodgers and Hammerstein. This duo produced nine musical plays during their partnership and caused a profound change in musical comedy. They set the standards that are followed to this day in musical history. They created the modern musical that we all know and love. Before they became Rodgers and Hammerstein, they were simply Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II, both of New York C
Supertramp
Supertramp
Supertramp Into the wild is more morbidly fascinating than anything else. It is a journey into the psyche of a young man who, with seemingly all of the advantages that late Twentieth Century America can arm one with, decides to disappear into the flotsam of the country playing the part of an enlightened hobo (he takes the moniker \'Supertramp\' as a way to christen his new identity). When I read I this book I was infuriated with Chris McCandless. It is normal to want to create a reality where i
Mysticism
Mysticism
Mysticism In this article I would like to bring the findings of my somewhat unusual but increasingly accepted field ó mysticismó to the discussion, for I think they may offer some helpful insights about consciousness. Why? When a biologist seeks to understand a complex phenomenon, one key strategy is to look to at it in its simplest form. Probably the most famous is the humble bacterium E. coli. Its simple gene structure has allowed us to understand much of the gene functioning of complex specie
Animal Testing
Animal Testing
Animal Testing Medicines, household products, food, and basically everything involved in the life of an average person has to under go a form of testing before it is legal to be placed on a shelf and if available to the public. The same tests are performed on every medical procedure that is introduced to surgeons. Since the only way to directly mimic the human body is to use it itself, scientists were forced to find the closest and best alternative. That is where animals were introduced to the
Assisted Suicide
Assisted Suicide
Assisted Suicide Assisted suicide (or Euthanasia) is a topic undergoing serious debate. There exist two obvious and definite opinions regarding this controversy. The anti-euthanasia faction consist of: ≤ Conservative religious groups. They are often the same organizations that oppose access to abortion. ≤ Medical associations whose members are dedicated to saving and extending life, and feel uncomfortable helping people end their lives. ≤ Groups concerned with disabilities, which fear that eutha
Capital Punishment And Minors
Capital Punishment And Minors
Capital Punishment And Minors The death penalty is utilized as an optimistic view to alleviate much of what is morally, and criminally wrong with our society. Yet in reality, capital punishment does nothing to improve Americaís justice system by allegedly acting as a deterrent to the criminals. Nevertheless, Americans continue to execute adults and children on dubious principles. The execution of children is particularly outrageous. International and Federal standards sanction that children are
Development Of Man
Development Of Man
Development Of Man In the dictionary a human being is defined as a person showing qualities of people. But what exactly is a person or people? Do dictionaries go into detail about that? Where do we come from or why do we have ears? Scientists have been trying to answer questions like these for years, but everyone has a different opinion. Some say people originated from the very human like animal known as the Gorilla, others say we all came from an African American woman. But does anybody know f
Environmental Philosophy
Environmental Philosophy
Environmental Philosophy Many authors throughout history have expressed their, or societyís, yearning towards a simpler life: a life without responsibilities or obligations, a life without worry or regret. Sigurd Olson expresses such a yearning in his essay Contemplation, where through reading Lao Tzu, he had discovered that in order to understand and relate to wilderness, we only need a contemplative mind, which is simple and easy. He suggested that life in wilderness is a continual contempla
Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass Frederick Douglass was a famous African American orator and author of the 19th century. He was born as a slave and became one of the most important figures of the abolitionist movement. Frederick Douglass believed that slavery was the great sin and shame of America, a country that he truly loved. Douglass was most famous for his fiery speeches addressed to white Americans and free black men, but was also an author of magazine and newspaper articles, books, and essays. He was
Heart Of Darkness
Heart Of Darkness
Heart Of Darkness Inherent inside every human soul is a savage evil side that remains repressed by society. Often this evil side breaks out during times of isolation from our culture, and whenever one culture confronts another. History is loaded with examples of atrocities that have occurred when one culture comes into contact with another. Whenever fundamentally different cultures meet, there is often a fear of contamination and loss of self that leads us to discover more about our true selves
Hunger And Poverty
Hunger And Poverty
Hunger And Poverty During the course of this particular essay, I will prove to you many points. Maybe not to the extreme that it will change oneís thought processes on the subject of hunger and world poverty, but enough to form a distinction between moral obligation and moral capacity. What I will not mention is the fact that Peter Singerís outdated material (1971), though thorough in the sense of supporting his view on hunger and world poverty as well as examining this school of thought, is un
John Locke
John Locke
John Locke In the Second Treatise of Government by John Locke, he writes about the right to private property. In the chapter which is titled Of Property he tells how the right to private property originated, the role it plays in the state of nature, the limitations that are set on the rights of private property, the role the invention of money played in property rights and the role property rights play after the establishment of government.. In this chapter Locke makes significant points abou
Machiavelli
Machiavelli
Machiavelli When you speak of Fidel Castro, what do you speak of? The Cuban Leader is not your everyday leader. To fully understand Fidel Castro you must have a firm foundation with which to work from. I will explore the political ideology of Fidel Castro by explaining what is in an ideology, Fidel Castroís background, and his political position both before the Cuban revolution and presently. An ideology is a number of action-oriented, materialistic, popular, and simplistic political theories t
Magic Realism
Magic Realism
Magic Realism Magic Realism appeared as a critical term for the arts and it later extended to literature. The term was first used by the German critic Franz Roh in 1925 to characterize a group of Post-Expressionist painters. Franz Roh described it as a form in which our real world re-emerges before our eyes, bathed in the clarity of a new day. It was later replaced by New Objectivity. Magic Realism survived to define a narrative tendency in Latin America during 1949 to 1970. It can be defin
Martin King And Malcolm X
Martin King And Malcolm X
Martin King And Malcolm X Martin Luther King and Malcolm X two men vying for the same outcome but each at opposite sides of the spectrum. King was raised in a comfortable middle-class family where education was stressed. On the other hand, Malcolm X came from an underprivileged home. He was a self-taught man who received little schooling and rose to greatness on his own intelligence and determination. Martin Luther King was born into a family whose name in Atlanta was well established. Despite
Morality - Empirical Approach
Morality - Empirical Approach
Morality - Empirical Approach 1. Introduction In this paper I wish to consider the following related questions: (i) Can a system of morality be justified?; (ii) Why should one act morally?; (iii) How can others be persuaded to act morally? Clearly none of these questions is new, and moral philosophers have proposed a variety of responses to them over the centuries without reaching any general agreement. Nevertheless, because these questions are fundamental to any practical application of moral
Morality Legislation
Morality Legislation
Morality Legislation Can we, do we, and should we legislate morality is a question that rings in the ears of many Americans. It seems that there are more factors, conditions and answers to this frequently asked question than the common person is willing to consider. Letís attempt to take the best ideas from the top scholars on the issue. In order to answer the questions presented, one must fully understand the idea of morality and what it means to legislate it. What is morality? According to We
Philosophy Of Medicine
Philosophy Of Medicine
Philosophy Of Medicine The book, the Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down by Anne Fadiman is an objective look into the world of two different cultures and their belief systems. The viewpoints of the Hmong and of the American doctors represent Hmong culture and the root of Western medicine. The book takes into account how two cultures, rather, two completely opposite worlds are collided and their impact on each other (Fadiman 1997). The book uncovers the underlying meaning of how different We
Prejudice Thinking
Prejudice Thinking
Prejudice Thinking What is the extent of prejudice? How far will it go until the entire world realizes that it is wrong? Prejudice continues to infect and destroy the dreams and minds of many people. A human being is not born with prejudice. Prejudice is taught to children at an early age to make certain that their fatherís beliefs continue. By the time a child reaches adulthood, he or she might have the same hatred of their fathers. Prejudice has gone through many extremities. In a book called
Prejudice
Prejudice
Prejudice Prejudice has been apart of human beings since the beginning of time. People hold disparaging views towards other groups because of sex, race, color and religious beliefs. If our society hopes to move forward and continue to be productive, prejudice must stop. In a time when the world is advanced as it ever has been, prejudice still remains a major problem. Discovering the roots of prejudice, and being able to understand prejudice views, we as a society will be able to find solutions
Progressive Historians
Progressive Historians
Progressive Historians One must decide the meaning of progressive historiography. It can mean either the history written by progressive historians, or it can mean history written by historians of the Progressive era of American history and shortly after. The focus that was chosen for this paper is more in keeping with the latter interpretation, if for no other reason than it provides a useful compare-and-contrast control literature. The caveat is this: the focus of this report is on the pr
Racial Equality In America
Racial Equality In America
Racial Equality In America Throughout the history of the country, America has been considered a fairly racist union. Undoubtedly the greatest injustice in the United States to this day is the whiteís treatment of African-Americans, specifically slavery. The vast majority of non-black people of that time believed that blacks were not equal to other races. White Americans of the slavery period specifically held this view. It was nearly impossible for a black to live free in America, and it was ev
Reality Perception
Reality Perception
Reality Perception What is real? Our perception of reality is often in the hands of the community we live in. We formulate ideas of reality using experience of our own as well as those of others around us. Our lives are constantly being influenced by our surroundings. The idea that our perception of reality is determined by the consensus of our community can be seen throughout history, movies and literature, as well as our personal lives. During the Holocaust, in the movie Stigmata, and in my p
Three Tests Of Truth
Three Tests Of Truth
Three Tests Of Truth In a court of law expert witnesses are required to demonstrate the truth beyond reasonable doubt. This is difficult for a \'knower\', such as a historian, to be able to assert this at the witness stand. Let\'s say that a young couple has just been married. The young couple stays together for a couple of months before they break up. When the two individually write reports on why the divorce is necessary, the judge is confused about the disparity between them. Thus, he call
Zen Buddhism
Zen Buddhism
Zen Buddhism Buddhism\'s trek through history, politics, and America Zen, or Zenno (as it is known by the Japanese word from which it derives), is the most common form of Buddhism practiced in the world today. All types of people from intellectuals to celebrities refer to themselves as Buddhist, but despite its popularity today in America, it has had a long history throughout the world. Here none think of wealth or fame, All talk of right and wrong is quelled. In Autumn I rake the leaf-banked
History Of Physics
History Of Physics
History Of Physics Physics began when man first started to study his surroundings. Early applications of physics include the invention of the wheel and of primitive weapons. The people who built Stone Henge had knowledge of physical mechanics in order to move the rocks and place them on top of each other. It was not until during the period of Greek culture that the first systematic treatment of physics started with the use of mechanics. Thales is often said to have been the first scientist, and
Adrienne Rich
Adrienne Rich
Adrienne Rich What I know, I know through making poems Passion, Politics and the Body in the Poetry of Adrienne Rich Liz Yorke, Nottingham Trent University, England This paper is largely extracted from my book Adrienne Rich, which is to be published by Sage in October this year...What I have tried to do for the paper is to track one thread explored by the book, which I feel runs through the whole span of Rich\'s thought, a thread which links desire, passion, and the body - to politics, to act
Beat Movement
Beat Movement
Beat Movement The Beat Movement in modern literature has become an important period in the history of literature and society in America. Incorporating influences such as jazz, art, literature, philosophy and religion, the beat writers created a new and prophetic vision of modern life and changed the way a generation of people sees the world. That generation is mow aging and its representative voices are becoming lost to eternity, but the message is alive and well. The Beats have forever alter
Captivity By Erdrich
Captivity By Erdrich
Captivity By Erdrich Louise Erdrich, the author of the famous poem titled Captivity, tells a story about a married mother who has been held captive by a tribe of Indians. The poem uses a wide variety of literary elements such as sympathy, guilt, submissiveness, and tentativeness. The two main themes of this first person, six-stanza poem, are love and fear. Erdrich also uses tricksters, which are supernatural characters found in the folklores of various primitive peoples. They often function as
Carl Sandburg
Carl Sandburg
Carl Sandburg Carl Sandburg was unique compare to many other poets. All of the poems that he wrote were short and straight to the point. You would not find any poems that he had written that are over a page, yet still; his poems are very easy to understand. Sandburg lived through a lot of historic events, so all of his poems were about those historic events. As you know, history isnít always exciting or easy to learn. Yet, Sandburg was able to write about those times in a way that an average hi
Daughters Of The Dust
Daughters Of The Dust
Daughters Of The Dust Daughters of the Dust, by Julie Dash is a film rich with symbolism and meaning. The film is set in Ibo Landing where the ancestors of enslaved Africans were said to have walked across the water in an attempt to return to their homeland. The Peazant family gathered on a day in 1920 in order to prepare for a journey across the water from their secluded home to the mainland, and to mainstream American society. I had to watch the movie several times before I was able to iden
Doctor Faustus' Death
Doctor Faustus' Death
Doctor Faustus\' Death Faustus died a death that few could bear to imagine, much less experience. After knowing for many years when exactly he would die, he reached the stroke of the hour of his destiny in a cowardly, horrid demeanor. Finally, when the devils appeared at the stroke of midnight, tearing at his flesh as they draw him into his eternal torment, he screams for mercy without a soul, not even God Himself, to help him. However, what to consider Doctor John Faustus from Christopher Marl
Emily Dickinson
Emily Dickinson
Emily Dickinson Throughout the history of literature, it has often been said that the poet is the poetry (Tate, Reactionary 9); that a poetís life and experiences greatly influence the style and the content of their writing, some more than others. Emily Dickinson is one of the most renowned poets of her time, recognized for the amount of genuine, emotional insight into life, death, and love she was able to show through her poetry. Many believe her lifestyle and solitude brought her to that po
Eugene O'Neil
Eugene O'Neil
Eugene O\'Neil Through poverty and fame, An artist or nothing (Miller p6), was the motto of a man named Eugene OíNeill, who wrote from his soul in an attempt to find salvation. In the year 1888, the Barrett House hotel in Time Square, New York saw the birth of a man who would be called the greatest American playwright. His father James, was an actor, and was famous across the United Sates for his role in the popular play Monte Cristo. Eugeneís mother was a beautiful woman named Ellen who was
Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou Maya Angelou is a very triumphant woman. She has written many books and poems that have given her great success. If one would talk to her, he or she would think she has lead a normal, happy life. Her life is blissful now, but it wasnít always perfect. Maya Angelouís sorrowful life experiences inspired her to write autobiographical works of poetry. Maya Angelou was born April 4, 1928 as Marguerite Johnson in St. Louis. She was raised in segregated rural Arkansas. She came from a bro
Philip Levine
Philip Levine
Philip Levine White never thought she would be a famous photographer. In 1921, when Margaret was 17, she went to college to study herpetology, or the study of snakes and reptiles. That same year her father died leaving her family with little money. To stay in college Margaret got a job taking and selling pictures of the college campus using her fatherís broken camera. That summer she got a job as the photographer and counselor at a summer camp. Even though she liked taking pictures, for Margare
Sympathy By Dunbar
Sympathy By Dunbar
Sympathy By Dunbar The poem Sympathy, by Paul Laurence Dunbar suggests to the reader a comparison between the lifestyle of the caged bird, and the African American in the nineteenth century. Paul Laurence Dunbar\'s focus of Sympathy is how the African American identifies and relates to the frustrations and pain that a caged bird experiences. Dunbar begins the poem by stating, I know what the caged bird feels, alas! which illustrates the comparison of a caged bird to an African American. D
Walt Whitman
Walt Whitman
Walt Whitman In parting with traditional poetic formalities, Walt Whitman alleviated a burden that impeded his ability to achieve full poetic expression. To Whitman, the strict boundaries that formal meter, structure, and rhyme imposed set limits on his stylistic freedom. This is not to say that these limits prevented Whitman from conveying his themes. Rather, they presented a contradiction to which Whitman refused to conform. In Whitmanís eyes, to meet these formal guidelines one would also ha
William Cullen Bryant
William Cullen Bryant
William Cullen Bryant William Cullen Bryant was born in Cummington, Massachusetts on November 3, 1794. His home in Cummington was surrounded by brooks, rivers, rocky hills, and woods. Bryantís mother was Sarah Snell Bryant. His father, Doctor Peter Bryant, was a strict Calvinist who loved poetry, music, and was also one of the strongest men in the countryside. As a child, Bryant was sickly, but his fatherís training turned him into a husky boy. Bryant attended the district schools until he was
America In Transition
America In Transition
America In Transition For the United States, as for most states in the world, the 1980ís and 1990ís were a time of change and challenge. During this period the effects of change both within the US and internationally acted as push factors in many areas of life, including economics and politics. This sudden change was primarily due to global shocks and recessions, increased foreign economic competition, the end of the Cold War and the demise of the Soviet Union, the development of revolutionary
American Revolution
American Revolution
American Revolution What are the decisive events and arguments that produced the American Revolution? It was the best of times, it was the worst of times (Charles Dickens). This best describes the Americas in the 1700ís. The settlerís went through the best of times from obtaining religious freedom, to becoming prosperous merchants, and finally to establishing a more democratic government. However, it was the worst of times in the sense that the settlers in the Americaís were taken advantage o
Anarchism And Liberalism
Anarchism And Liberalism
Anarchism And Liberalism Contemporary liberal and anarchist philosophy are both two very different ways of trying to see what would be the best way to run society. While discussing these two ideologies I will try to show how both, in their purist sense, are not able work in today\'s society effectively. Contemporary liberals are involved in every day politics but through over regulation and dependence on government they loose their chances of running a reliable democracy. Anarchist have very go
Antiwar Movement In US
Antiwar Movement In US
Antiwar Movement In US The antiwar movement against Vietnam in the US from 1965-1971 was the most significant movement of its kind in the nation\'s history. The United States first became directly involved in Vietnam in 1950 when President Harry Truman started to underwrite the costs of France\'s war against the Viet Minh. Later, the presidencies of Dwight Eisenhower and John F. Kennedy increased the US\'s political, economic, and military commitments steadily throughout the fifties and early s
Bigotry In America
Bigotry In America
Bigotry In America In order to stop racism you must first star at the home. Bigotry and racism are the types of beliefs that are brought up through families. If a child is raised in a racist home than that child is likely to carry those beliefs with him or her and eventually on to their children. In order to stop this cycle you must start with the children. It is easier to implement your ideals on a child than to change the opinions of an adult. Then you must give it time. It is only over time
Campaign Finance
Campaign Finance
Campaign Finance Campaign finance reform has already become an issue for debate in this election year\'s primaries. This matter does not hold a large amount of interest for the average American, it is not an issue that is going to sway a large amount of voters. The book examines all facets of campaign finance including sources of contributions and finance reform. The book then takes a close, hard look at the 1980 presidential election and the 1982 congressional races. The author approaches the
China US Relations
China US Relations
China US Relations China, for most of its 3500 years of history, China led the world in agriculture, crafts, and science. It fell behind in the 19th century when the Industrial Revolution gave the West clear superiority in military and economic affairs. In the first half of the 20th century, China continued to suffer from major famines, civil unrest, military defeat, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the Communists under Mao Tse Tung established a dictatorship that, while ensuring aut
Chinese Democracy Movements
Chinese Democracy Movements
Chinese Democracy Movements In 1978, stimulated by the opening of China to the West and also by the reversal of verdicts against the 1976 Tiananmen protesters (These demonstrations against the gang of four had been condemned as counter-revolutionary at the time but were now declared a revolutionary act), thousands of Chinese began to put their thoughts into words, their words onto paper and their paper onto walls to be read by passers by. The most famous focus of these displays became a stret
Clash Of Civilizations
Clash Of Civilizations
Clash Of Civilizations The Clash of Civilizations suggests that world politics is entering a new phase. It is his hypothesis that the fundamental source of conflict in the New World will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. Huntington believes that the great divisions amongst humankind and the dominating source of conflict will be in the cultural form. Nation states will still remain the most powerful actors in world affairs, but the principal conflicts of global politics will oc
Communism In 50s
Communism In 50s
Communism In 50s Thesis: The Red Scare of the 1950\'s caused a massive movement for the people of that time period. I. Introduction II. The Basis of Communisim A. Communisim: Defined B. Political Aspects 1. Communist associations 2.Communist fears C. Physical Aspects 1. Incidents 2. Blacklisting III. Propaganda A. Recruitment B. The Red Scare 1. Communist propaganda 2. Anti-communist defenses IV. Leaders in the movement-McCarthy A. Obsessions 1. The conspiracy 2. Focus on his campaign B. Ac